Traditional Education vs Montessori

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Traditional Education vs Montessori

“And so we discovered that education is not something which the teacher does, but that it is a natural process which develops spontaneously in the human being.”

Dr. Maria Montessori

Montessori Traditional
The method respects individual differences. Emphasis is on conforming to the group
The learning process is student-centered and emphasizes self-motivation. Emphasis is on grades, punishments or rewards as motivating factors
Students are placed in multi-age classrooms so they may learn horizontally from observation of other work, directly and indirectly. Students are grouped chronologically to suit teacher’s pre-planned class lessons
Students learn at their own pace, free to complete a project or pursue a subject as deeply as they wish. Subjects are taught in lecture form and students must change classes and attend all lessons at the same time
The classroom is used as a library for studying and completing projects: students are free to move as needed and are active participants in building their own knowledge. Students work at desks, passively listening to the lecture. Passive learning is more tiring and the school work day has to be divided into periods with interruptions
Children are encouraged to teach, collaborate, and to help each other. Most teaching is done by the teacher and collaboration is discouraged
Students avail themselves of concrete materials, designed to enhance conceptual thinking. These hands-on manipulations bring about knowledge which is based on experience. Learning takes place primarily through memorization and repetition of abstract concepts.
Environment and method encourage self-discipline. Teacher acts as primary enforcer of discipline
Child finds own errors through feedback from materials. Errors in child’s work highlighted by teacher
Uninterrupted work cycles. Block time, period lessons
Schools meets needs of students. Students fit mold of school
Students active, talking, with periods of spontaneous quiet, freedom to move. Students are passive at desks